Human Rights are rights inherent to all human beings irrespective to one’s nationality, caste, gender, place of residence, language etc. We are equally entitled to our human rights without any discrimination. Human rights are inalienable. Human Rights are based on the concept that every man and woman, regardless to his / her caste or creed, colour, race and nationality, is born with certain fundamental rights such as, the right to life, freedom from torture and other inhuman treatment, free speech and freedom of religion, rights to health, education and an adequate standard of living and so on. In order to increase the importance of Human Rights, it is necessary that the subject of human Rights be recognized by educational institutions as an independent discipline.
With the spread of education and awareness of rights under the guide lines of Indian institute of human rights, people are not only fighting for their rights but also for the rights of other. Every person has dignity and value. One of the ways that we recognize this fundamental worth is by acknowledging and respecting a person’s human rights. Human rights are concerned with equality and fairness and recognize our freedom to make choices about our life and develop our potential as human beings. These rights are about living a life free from fear, harassment or discrimination.
There are a number of basic rights that people from around the world have agreed on, such as the right to life, freedom from torture and other inhuman treatment, rights to a fair trial, free speech and freedom of religion, rights to health, education and an adequate standard of living. These rights are the same for all people everywhere – male and female, young and old, rich and poor, regardless of our background, where we live, what we think or what we believe. This is what makes human rights ‘universal’.
Human rights cover every area of human life and activity, and include civil and political rights, such as freedom of speech and freedom from torture. They also include economic, social and cultural rights, such as the rights to health and education.
Importance of human rights are to live and exist, the right to equality, including equality before law, non-discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth, and equality of opportunity in matters of employment, the right to freedom of speech and expression, assembly, association, movement, residence, the right to practice any profession or occupation, the right against exploitation, prohibiting all forms of forced labour, child labour and trafficking in human beings, the right to freedom of conscience, practice and propagation of religion and the right to legal remedies for enforcement of the above are basic human rights. These rights and freedoms are the very foundations of democracy. Besides these are political rights, which include the right to contest an election and to vote freely for a candidate of one’s choice.
Human rights are a benchmark of a developed and civilized society. Human Rights entail both rights and duties. Rights and duties are the two aspects of the same coin. Rights have their basis in the principle of live and let live. Rights and duties are interlinked and interdependent and a balance is to be maintained between the two. In case of an imbalance between these two, there is chaos. Violation of human rights is most common in totalitarian and despotic states. In the theocratic states there is much persecution and violation in the name of religion and the minorities suffer the most. Even in democracies, violation and infringement of human rights and freedom is widespread. The women, children and the weaker sections of the society are victims of these transgressions and violence.
The human rights and freedom ought to be preserved at all cost. Human rights may be reshaped according to the political needs of the country but they should not be distorted out of shape. The sanctity of human values, freedom and rights must be preserved and protected. For the protection of human freedom and rights, Human Rights Commissions should be established in all the countries. In cases of violation of human rights, affected individuals should be properly compensated and it should be ensured that these do not take place in future.
A one-month Online Certificate Course on Human Rights & Duties offered by Indian Academy of Law & Management (“IALM) helps you understand the concepts of Human Rights & Duties. The course also helps you in knowing the ways and means to protect your legal Human Rights against any unjustified action/s. The course is divided into five modules and covers the topics such as Concepts of Human Rights & Duties; Historical, Philosophical and Social Perspective; Legislation Specific Themes in Human Rights; Human Rights & Duties in India and Societal Problems in private and public domains. An online exam is conducted at the end of each modules of the course to check the progress of the learners. IALM issues a Certificate upon successful completion of the course. More details can be obtained at – http://www.ialm.academy.