Eminent Indian Law Institute

A typical Indian Law Institute is changing, and changing for good! Past five years have not only see  a sweeping change in quality of Indian Law Institutes, but have also seen mushrooming growth in numbers of law colleges.  Indian Academy of Law & Management (“IALM”)  is closely examining such growth and it’s factors over last couple of years.  Why is there a renewed interest for being a lawyer and how Bar Council of India regulations have led to growth of legal profession in India.

India has typically added more than 250 Indian Law Institute in past 7 years or so. This is a huge number in terms of growth of Law Institutes anywhere in the world and more so in a developing nation.  Compare this with total number of Law Schools added by BRICS nations (other than India) in last 10 years have been 203.

Law theme, mallet of judge, wooden gavel

Look at the number of law students getting enrolled in Law Schools in India. In 2005, India had only 2,00,000/- law students taking admissions in various Indian Law Institute offering LL.B (3-years or 5-years).  Today, this number has almost doubled to 4,00,000 per annum. This is a huge number if we compare with other courses like IT engineers or Medicine being offered in India.

IALM Research Factors

IALM (www.ialm.academy) students have researched the phenomena to understand the mushrooming of our Law Schools, and several reasons emerge on why a typical Indian Law Institute has changes it’s profile and personality to gear up to the needs of aspiring law students.

Relaxed Regulations:An important contribution to such commendable growth of Law Schools has been relaxed regulations with proactive approvals at Bar Council of India.  The Regulations now require Indian Law Institute to have a minimum of 25 faculty members on roles that can potentially teach the law courses being prescribed by Bar Council of India. In furtherance, Bar Council of India members have been frequently and pro-actively visiting institution in India and abroad to facilitate an inspection that is mandatory under the rules.

Corporate Sector Demands:  With opening of Indian markets in several industrial sectors, the demand for corporate lawyers have taken a leap over last several years.  Each corporation require legal knowledge in hordes, and they are ready to pay accordingly.  A direct increase in demand has increased pressure on existing Indian Law Institute to increase their capacity or to have more colleges. For example, leading institute Amity Law Schools has affiliation to three Universities — its own Amity University; IP University and also Merrut University (CCS). In addition, Amity also owns an online portal to impart Legal Education for skills development.

Shift to 5 year education:  A shift to a 5-year education pattern encouraged by Bar Council of India has seen young students out of schools taking up law as first choice in the career.   This has seen tremendous improvement in the quality of students coming out of an Indian Law Institute.   This does provide impetus to existing Indian Law Institute to invest more into education and growth of the profession.

OFcourse, there were other reasons for such tremendous growth for Law Schools in India, like a good ROI for institutes. There has been tremendous growth in the quality and quantity of Faculty in Law Schools across India.   At one time the law teaching profession only attracted teachers who were not successful in legal practice and found teaching as a comfortable way to live and make money.  The present day teaching profession offers variety of opportunities to academicians  in India and the best talent and energies have been infused among the law treachers.

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Prosperous Course in Law

With technology proliferation and new ways of doing business, it is important to choose a course in law that benefits students to get jobs in modern new corporations. The legal departments of big multinational companies is seeing increased pressure on in-house lawyers and advocates to understand technology, and leverage intricate intellectual property issues arising out of corporate transactions. Is our education system and current course in law sufficient to provide such trained legal workforce?

law

The traditional courses in law, like Torts, Penal Code, Family Law and Property Laws definitely make you a complete lawyer, a lawyer who can solve day to day problems of individuals, friends, family and clients. These entire courses in law and statutes were framed during British Raj and are still being taught in our law colleges. For example, a course in law on Penal Code will make you sought after and popular in the society, in general.  But aren’t these courses the same that three generations above us studied and practiced.

However, the modern day society has need for specialized knowledge. For example, a corporate entity in India may have to enter into several hundred contracts (and no exaggerations here) each day in order to function and deliver its products in the market. A single corporate entity will need to contract with Vendors, Employees (offer letters),   Recruiters, Suppliers, Consultants, Agents and even it’s trainers. All this, multiple times in a day. It does need a specialized in-house team of lawyers to manage contracts in-house.

The Modern day laws are mostly based on how we interact with each other and protect technological innovations. Due to course curricula in law colleges, unable to provide quality education in modern laws, IALM  (www.ialm.academy) has partnered with several leading institutions (for example, Amity Law School) to deliver quality education in upcoming developing legal field.

In this regard, IALM conducted an online student survey in August, 2015 to give students a choice to study additional subject of their choice. The IALM survey was conducted from more than 22 Indian Law Schools, spread across 11-states representing all the four regions of the country. With total of 330 participants, nearly 60 % were Girls and 40 % were boys respondent. The students seem to be interested in the following top 10 courses in law:

1) Cyberlaws,

2) Trademark filings,

3) Environment Compliances Laws

4) Patent Drafting Techniques

5) Company Act Compliances

6) Labor Laws Compliances

7)  Corporate Contract Drafting

8)   Mergers and Acquisition

9) Banking Laws.

10)  Regulatory Bodies and Legal Practices

The IALM online survey clearly shows the inclination of the students to learn more about modern day laws, and to face up to newer challenges that global economy has thrown onto Indian Law Students.     There was hardly any respondent to learn any of the traditional course in law.

The results of the survey were astonishing and shocking.  Are we teaching wrong courses in Law? Maybe and Maybe not.  It may be that students already have grasp of traditional law courses being taught in their colleges and they still want to learn and equip themselves further.

We can only make one conclusion of IALM survey, the institution and legal system needs to gear up more towards corporate and technology related laws to help modern businesses grow.