A typical Indian Law Institute is changing, and changing for good! Past five years have not only see a sweeping change in quality of Indian Law Institutes, but have also seen mushrooming growth in numbers of law colleges. Indian Academy of Law & Management (“IALM”) is closely examining such growth and it’s factors over last couple of years. Why is there a renewed interest for being a lawyer and how Bar Council of India regulations have led to growth of legal profession in India.
India has typically added more than 250 Indian Law Institute in past 7 years or so. This is a huge number in terms of growth of Law Institutes anywhere in the world and more so in a developing nation. Compare this with total number of Law Schools added by BRICS nations (other than India) in last 10 years have been 203.
Look at the number of law students getting enrolled in Law Schools in India. In 2005, India had only 2,00,000/- law students taking admissions in various Indian Law Institute offering LL.B (3-years or 5-years). Today, this number has almost doubled to 4,00,000 per annum. This is a huge number if we compare with other courses like IT engineers or Medicine being offered in India.
IALM Research Factors
IALM (www.ialm.academy) students have researched the phenomena to understand the mushrooming of our Law Schools, and several reasons emerge on why a typical Indian Law Institute has changes it’s profile and personality to gear up to the needs of aspiring law students.
Relaxed Regulations:An important contribution to such commendable growth of Law Schools has been relaxed regulations with proactive approvals at Bar Council of India. The Regulations now require Indian Law Institute to have a minimum of 25 faculty members on roles that can potentially teach the law courses being prescribed by Bar Council of India. In furtherance, Bar Council of India members have been frequently and pro-actively visiting institution in India and abroad to facilitate an inspection that is mandatory under the rules.
Corporate Sector Demands: With opening of Indian markets in several industrial sectors, the demand for corporate lawyers have taken a leap over last several years. Each corporation require legal knowledge in hordes, and they are ready to pay accordingly. A direct increase in demand has increased pressure on existing Indian Law Institute to increase their capacity or to have more colleges. For example, leading institute Amity Law Schools has affiliation to three Universities — its own Amity University; IP University and also Merrut University (CCS). In addition, Amity also owns an online portal to impart Legal Education for skills development.
Shift to 5 year education: A shift to a 5-year education pattern encouraged by Bar Council of India has seen young students out of schools taking up law as first choice in the career. This has seen tremendous improvement in the quality of students coming out of an Indian Law Institute. This does provide impetus to existing Indian Law Institute to invest more into education and growth of the profession.
OFcourse, there were other reasons for such tremendous growth for Law Schools in India, like a good ROI for institutes. There has been tremendous growth in the quality and quantity of Faculty in Law Schools across India. At one time the law teaching profession only attracted teachers who were not successful in legal practice and found teaching as a comfortable way to live and make money. The present day teaching profession offers variety of opportunities to academicians in India and the best talent and energies have been infused among the law treachers.